Average occupancy rates across the continent’s offices have increased 12% from 43% last summer (June 2022) to 55% last month (February 2023), according to a new research report published by Savills.
In particular, selected European capital cities such as Paris CBD, Madrid and Stockholm are leading the return to the office trend, having seen office occupancy figures return to the pre-pandemic European average of 70%. Their occupancy rates stand at 66%, 65% and 60% respectively.
Prague has recorded the largest increase in occupancy rates, rising 16% to 54% between June 2022 and February 2023, followed by Dublin, which recorded a 15% increase to 56%. London West-End (50%), London City (48%) and Warsaw (46%) recorded the lowest rates but occupancy has risen significantly in all three since last summer.
There are a number of reasons for differences in occupancy rates in Europe, Savills said. For example, Madrid has a higher proportion of city-centre living, meaning employees have a shorter, more convenient, commute to the office. The cost of commuting may also be a key factor in levels of office occupancy, with the price of a monthly metro pass being the highest in London.
Mike Barnes, associate director, European Research at Savills, said: ‘Overall, average office occupancy rates will remain lower than pre-pandemic, with fewer employees attending the workplace five days per week. We expect average European occupancy rates to stabilise at circa 55-60%, reflecting mid-week peaks. However, how occupiers use the space will be increasingly flexible moving forward. For example, using the office only on days when in-person meetings are scheduled, and for more collaborative tasks.’
Christina Sigliano, EMEA head of Global Occupier Solutions at Savills, added: 'There are multiple factors that may be behind the increase in occupancy. Work from home fatigue and the increased desire for workplace interaction are likely to have impacted attitudes following an extended period of lockdown restrictions, encouraging workers back to the office to be among colleagues. The ease of in-person collaboration for more creative tasks and perceived job progression and enhanced prospects may also be encouraging employees to return to the office. We are also observing more businesses formalise their hybrid working policies, providing workers with a more definitive structure to work around.'